An adequate amount of quality sleep each night is essential for brain health and longevity. About 30% of Americans report less than 6 hours of sleep per night, which increases their risk of impaired attention and cognition, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Some of the most common conditions which interfere with a healthy night’s sleep are insomnia, restless legs syndrome (RLS), narcolepsy, sleep apnea, nightmares/sleep terrors, and sleep walking/talking. Unfortunately, the most commonly consumed sleep medications are associated with negative side effects which may include disorientation, memory loss, anxiety, depression and even suicidal thoughts. Naturopathic physicians take a holistic approach to sleep disorders by considering the most common root causes which may be corrected through behavioral modification, dietary changes, hormonal balancing, medication adjustments, stress management, relaxation therapy, hypnosis and acupuncture. Botanical and nutritional supplements may be prescribed on a short-term basis during times of extreme stress to promote sleep without dangerous side effects.